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丹增德勒仁波切 Tenzin Delek Rinpoche
  丹增德勒仁波切 Tenzin Delek Rinpoche 相關圖片
其他人物 :

丹增德勒仁波切 Tenzin Delek Rinpoche 生平 :

丹增德勒仁波切是四川甘孜州雅江縣人,現年63歲。在2002年4月7號被當局指控涉嫌「煽動分裂」、「製造成都爆炸案」及「非法持有槍枝和彈藥」等罪名遭到拘捕,同年12月2號,被四川省甘孜州中級人民法院判處死刑、緩期兩年執行;2005年被改判為無期徒刑。
丹增德勒仁波切的親妹妹卓嘎拉姆和珍塔曾向鄉、縣和州政府依次申請探監後,被獲准每月探望丹增德勒仁波切一次,不過當局對於仁波切被監禁的地點進行高度保密,每次探訪期間,都會讓他與家人在監獄以外的地方見面。
丹增德勒仁波切在監牢中度過十一年期間,遭受著各種折磨,患有心臟病、高血壓、關節炎等多種疾病,身體狀況正在惡化當中。
據傳他在四川重慶市大足縣一監獄中服刑,但現在是否真的在那座監獄,還無法獲知。
 
2013年7月31日星期三

唯色:多年來,數萬藏人為被構陷入獄的丹增德勒仁波切請願、上訪的傷心史

圖1,由我拍攝於1999年6月,在丹增德勒仁波切于雅江縣城的陋室。

圖2,轉自網路,於2002年底,丹增德勒仁波切被甘孜州法院判罪。

圖3,轉自網路,近年從獄中帶出的丹增德勒仁波切照片。
 
唯色注:於2002年4月7日,在康雅曲卡(今四川省甘孜藏族自治州雅江縣)被捕的丹增德勒仁波切,蒙冤入獄已整整十一年。據悉,丹增德勒仁波切被關押在四川省達州市大竹縣的川東監獄。
 
以“煽動分裂國家罪和爆炸罪”為由,被中共當局先判死緩後改無期徒刑的丹增德勒仁波切,是進入21世紀之後,國際上最知名並受關注的西藏政治犯。
 
對於藏東康區成千上萬的藏人而言,丹增德勒仁波切是今生今世的精神支柱。正在牢獄遭受苦難的他,是籠罩在這廣大地區的人民心中難以承受的痛。這十一年來,當地幾乎沒有歡樂的節慶,多少老人在見不到大喇嘛的遺憾中哭著離世。是的,他們一直尊稱他是自己的大喇嘛。
 
這十一年來,藏東康區三萬多藏人為被構陷入獄的丹增德勒仁波切在一封封請願書上連署簽名、按手印,並派代表到人生地不熟甚至語言不通的成都、北京上訪,許多藏人因此被抓、被打、被判刑,卻始終救不出自己的大喇嘛。
 
沒有比這更堅持、更忠義、更絕望的救護了。
 
當近日又傳來仁波切的信眾因上訪北京而被拘捕的消息時,有必要將我所瞭解的當地藏人多年來為丹增德勒仁波切奔走呼告的傷心史作個簡單的整理,定有不全或遺漏,還望補充並包涵:
全文:  http://woeser.middle-way.net/2013_07_01_archive.html
 


Tenzin Delek Rinpoche

Name: Tenzin Delek Rinpoche [CH: 阿安扎西 Pinyin: A'an Zhaxi]
Summary: Highly respected community leader and advocate of Tibetan identity and culture
Charge: Inciting “splittism”
Sentence: Life sentence, reduced to a term of 20 years; Expected release date not known- not before 2022
Prison: Chuandong Prison, Sichuan Province
Status: Known to be in ill health and in need of medical assistance


Tenzin Delek Rinpoche“I am a Tibetan, I have always been sincere and devoted to the interests and well-being of Tibetan people. That is the real reason why the Chinese do not like me and framed me. That is why they are going to take my precious life even though I am innocent.”

As of April 2013, Tenzin Delek Rinpoche has been in detention for eleven years. He is reportedly in very poor health believed to be linked to the torture he endured after his arrest. He is currently known to be suffering from high blood pressure, heart disease and problems with his legs.

As a revered religious leader, Tenzin Delek Rinpoche is a visionary and steadfast advocate of Tibetan identity and culture. Born in 1950 in Lithang, Kham, eastern Tibet,  he joined Lithang monastery at the age of seven. For years, he worked to develop social, medical, educational and religious institutions for Tibetan nomads in the area, as an advocate for environmental conservation in the face of indiscriminate logging and mining projects, and as a mediator between Tibetans and Chinese.

Because of Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s influence in his community and his efforts to preserve Tibetan identity, the Chinese authorities viewed him as a threat to their control in the region. Over the course of a decade, he was the target of increasing harassment and intimidation by Chinese officials.

Young exile Tibetans at a Tenzin Delek RinpocheIn April 2002, the Chinese authorities arrested Tenzin Delek Rinpoche and his distant relative Lobsang Dhondup, a former monk. Both were accused of involvement in bombings and explosions. 

On 2 December 2002, Tenzin Delek Rinpoche was sentenced to death with a two year suspension. Lobsang Dhondup was sentenced to immediate death and executed shortly afterward.  After intense international pressure, Tenzin Delek’s sentence was commuted to a life sentence on January 26th, 2005.

According to Human Rights Watch, Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s case “was the culmination of a decade-long effort by Chinese authorities to curb his efforts to foster Tibetan Buddhism, his support for the Dalai Lama as a religious leader, and his work to develop Tibetan social and cultural institutions. His efforts had become a focal point for Tibetans struggling to retain their cultural identity in the face of China’s restrictive policies and its continuing persecution of individuals attempting to push the accepted boundaries of cultural and social expression.”

Group protest regarding Tenzin Delek Rinpoche's imprisonmentThe international outcry over the case of Tenzin Delek Rinpoche led the Chinese authorities to give assurances that both he and Lobsang Dhondup would receive a thorough retrial.

Whilst awaiting the appeal hearing in 2003, Tenzin Delek Rinpoche said: “I am completely innocent… I have always said we should not raise our hand at others. It is sinful… I have neither distributed letters or pamphlets nor planted bombs secretly. I have never even thought of such things, and I have no intention to hurt others.”

However, on 26 January 2003, the Sichuan Higher People’s Court upheld Lobsang Dhondhup’s death sentence and confirmed Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s two year suspended death sentence. Lobsang Dhondup was executed the same day.

After two years of advocacy by thousands of people around the world, on 26 January 2005, the Chinese authorities commuted Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s death sentence to life imprisonment.

Local efforts to secure Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s release had been ongoing since at least April 2007. In November 2009, a group of Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s relatives and friends traveled to Beijing to request a further review of the case, on the basis of three points; that there was no proof against Tenzin Delek, that he refused to admit any guilt, and that he was framed by an official plot.

Tenzin Delek told told a family member during a visit at the prison; “I am not responsible for these explosions or any other illegal actions, they have pinned this on me, I have always taught people that one should not harm any life, not even that of an ant, how could I then possibly be responsible for such an action? If it is possible to appeal, there is hope that I may be cleared of all charges.”

The petitioners were urged to return to Chengdu, the provincial capital of Sichuan province. Local people in Tenzin Delek’s home area heard about the petitioners’ visit to Beijing and decided to take action. For several days, scores of Tibetans in and around Tenzin Delek’s village peacefully gathered and held hunger strikes in support of their imprisoned spiritual leader; there were numerous beatings by the police and up to 90 demonstrating Tibetans were arrested; some may still be in detention.

Tenzin Delek Rinpoche first came under close Chinese government scrutiny after he returned to Tibet from India in 1987.

Upon his return Chinese authorities began obstructing his social and religious development efforts.  But he was undeterred. When faced with government objections to build a new monastery, Tenzin Delek Rinpoche traveled to Beijing and obtained official permission from the 10th Panchen Lama. Between 1991 and 1995 he built seven monasteries and oversaw the construction of an old people’s home and a school for orphans and children from poor families.

Tenzin Delek Rinpoche was very aware of the importance of ecological balance in the fragile Tibetan environment. He spoke out about mining practices that would pollute the areas’ rivers and ruin the soil, logging practices that would cause flooding and soil erosion, and indiscriminate hunting that might lead to species loss.Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s awareness raising caused concern amongst local officials who saw them as an obstacle to activities from which they are reported to have personally profited from. A dispute over a local forest led to an increase in Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s prestige, and enhanced his monastic influence. Local residents looked increasingly to him to help solve problems; and local officials’ resentments against him grew ever stronger.

In the late 1990s Chinese authorities increased their surveillance of Tenzin Delek Rinpoche’s activities and in June 2000 he recorded the following statement: “Recently, I was called to the Religious Affairs Bureau and the United Front Work Department. … They told me, “You cannot have photos of the 14th Dalai Lama, the young Panchen Lama, or pictures of yourself.” And they said, “The pictures are getting bigger, and bigger, and bigger, and you cannot do that. And you cannot have a lama’s title.” I told them that … I did not need the title of lama; I did not need the title of monk, but I did need the rights of a human being.”

Acknowledgements to the Human Rights Watch, International Campaign for Tibet and High Peaks Pure Earth


四藏人為丹增德勒仁波切獲釋進京上訪被捕

2013-07-28   RFA
Tenzin-Delek-Rinpoche.jpg

Litang-Tibetans-sing-for-Druku-Tenzin-Delek.jpg
圖片:理塘藏人歌手在一次活動上演唱思念達賴喇嘛和丹增德勒仁波切的歌曲。 (視頻截圖)
Tenzin-Delek-Rinpoche-in-prison.jpg 
Tenzin-Delek-Rinpoche-in-prison.jpg
圖片:獄中的丹增德勒仁波切近照。(受訪人獨家提供)
 
四川甘孜州五名藏人本月稍早到北京有關部門上訪,籲請釋放已蒙冤坐牢十一年的高僧丹增德勒仁波切,卻被雅江公安人員追捕,其中四人於上週六被拘禁在雅江一所監獄中。
 
丹增德勒仁波切親授資深弟子、印度北方邦瓦拉納西的四川雅江籍僧人次仁多吉星期六告訴本台,四川康區甘孜州理塘縣、雅江縣等地的藏人為被判無期徒刑的丹增德勒仁波切洗涮冤屈,長期以來展開著各種方式的請願活動,通過征簽、上訪等呼籲中共領導人重審冤案,予以無罪釋放,但從未得到當局的回應,反而使很多藏人卻因此而遭到拘捕、毒打、甚至判刑。這次又有四名藏人為仁波切獲釋進京上訪被當局拘捕。
 
次仁多吉說:“理塘縣的丹增德勒仁波切親妹卓嘎拉姆、雅江縣的索熱魯日、魯孜阿德、拉瑪曲珠和堆赤列共五名藏人於本月9號前往北京上訪,向有關部門呈交請願書。雅江縣公安人員知曉此事後,立即從當地追捕到北京。境內消息人士說,他們從北京被押回雅江縣後,除了仁波切的妹妹以外,其餘四人於7月20號被拘禁在當地嘎拉(音譯)監獄中。”
 
現年63歲的丹增德勒仁波切在2002年4月7號被當局指控涉嫌“煽動分裂”、“製造成都爆炸案”及“非法持有槍枝和彈藥”等罪名遭到拘捕,同年12月2號,被四川省甘孜州中級人民法院判處死刑、緩期兩年執行;2005年被改判為無期徒刑。
 
就上訪藏人呈交給北京有關部門的請願書內容方面,次仁多吉說:“請願書主要澄清丹增德勒仁波切並不是中國當局所指的‘恐怖分子’,地方藏民有超過3萬人簽名對此作了擔保,還多次到鄉、縣、州和省各級有關部門進行請願,但都遭到冷遇,丹增德勒仁波切就這樣蒙冤受屈在監牢中度過了十一年。據探訪仁波切的家人及親戚透露,仁波切已患有心臟病、高血壓等多種疾病。請願書指出,中國政府平時向民眾提出要構建‘和諧社會’,但卻對民眾敬仰的對象進行栽贓陷害,此舉是無法帶來和諧。”
 
次仁多吉表示,請願書中說,就國家而論,國與民之間的關係非常重要,但這關鍵在於彼此是否信任和尊敬,倘若鄉、縣和州各級幹部為了官職一直說謊,只會破壞國與民之間的關係,也會傷害民眾的感情。請願書強調丹增德勒仁波切一向致力於環保、教育等事業,從未觸犯過中國國家法律,呼籲中央政府立即釋放他,或者以保外就醫的名義給予釋放,並得到重新辯護的權利。
 
居住在印度、北美、歐洲等多國的丹增德勒仁波切親授弟子也在近期聯合向中共中央政府、中共各級領導及有關部門呈交請願信,呼籲當局基於人道考量,允許丹增德勒仁波切保外就醫。
 
以上是自由亞洲電臺特約記者丹珍的採訪報導。
http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/shaoshuminzu/dz-07282013180949.html

四川康區藏人為丹增德勒仁波切申冤被扣政治帽

2013-05-09 RFA

Tenzin-Delek-Rinpoche-03.JPGTenzin-Delek-Rinpoche-03.JPG

圖片:丹增德勒仁波切在其僧舍。(唯色博客)

The-monastery-of-Tenzin-Delek-Rinpoche.JPG

圖片:丹增德勒仁波切曾居住的寺院。(唯色博客)

四川省甘孜州藏人為營救在中共獄中正拖著病體服刑的康區高僧丹增德勒仁波切,多次向當局請願申冤,但至今被冷落對待,不少人還被扣上“搞政治”的大帽遭到嚴正警告或拘押。

丹增德勒仁波切是四川甘孜州雅江縣人,現年63歲。他於2002年被當局指控涉嫌“煽動分裂”、“製造成都爆炸案”及“非法持有槍枝和彈藥”等罪名遭判死刑,2005被改判為無期徒刑。

近期抵達印度的來自四川甘孜州理塘境內一位不願透露名字的藏人星期四向本台表示,四川康區甘孜州理塘縣、雅江縣等地的藏人為丹增德勒仁波切早日獲釋一直展開著請願活動,通過征簽、上訪等方式向中共領導人說明仁波切是被冤入獄,要求予以無罪釋放,但是其中很多藏人遭到當局的拘捕、毒打、甚至判刑。

消息人士說:“我曾在丹增德勒仁波切身邊學習過七年,讓我受益很大。被捕前,仁波切一直致力於弘揚佛法與文化、推動慈善及環保事業,深受藏民愛戴。在中國當局破壞當地生態環境時,仁波切多次公開提出了抗議,並帶領僧俗藏民展開過環保活動,此舉引起當局的極大不滿。由於丹增德勒仁波切在康區藏民心目中具有崇高的地位和深遠的影響力,因此成為當局打擊的主要對象之一,最終中方以莫須有的‘製造爆炸案’罪名對他進行了栽贓陷害。”

消息人士說:“丹增德勒仁波切的親妹妹卓嘎拉姆和珍塔曾向鄉、縣和州政府依次申請探監後,被獲准每月探望丹增德勒仁波切一次,不過當局對於仁波切被監禁的地點進行高度保密,每次探訪期間,都會讓他與家人在監獄以外的地方見面。仁波切多次提出為他申冤,我們一直努力去做,但每次都沒有結果。”

消息人士表示,丹增德勒仁波切在監牢中度過十一年期間,遭受著各種折磨,患有心臟病、高血壓、關節炎等多種疾病。據說他現在的身體狀況正在惡化當中。

“班禪喇嘛至今被當局關押,誰都不知道他在哪裡,現在丹增德勒仁波切也是這樣,雖然之前傳出他在四川重慶市大足縣一監獄中服刑,但現在是否真的在那座監獄,還無法獲知。當局總說他很健康,但他卻是坐著輪椅與那些來探訪他的親人在當局安排的地方見面。”

消息人士表示,為了丹增德勒仁波切獲釋,藏民繼續到政府部門請願,仍遭到冷遇,還被亂扣“政治帽子”遭警告和拘押。

“我們曾多次展開過請願活動,要求當局釋放丹增德勒仁波切,最大規模的一次活動是在2009年12月5號,當時我們是在雅江縣政府門口展開示威,但卻遭到軍警的暴力鎮壓,導致多人受傷,八十多人被捕。之後這些年有藏民多次到上級政府請願,但也遭到毒打和拘捕。在我們家鄉,凡向地 方政府提出重審丹增德勒仁波切冤案的訴求,就被說成是存在‘政治問題’,在這種給請願藏人亂扣帽子的做法下,有的遭到拘捕,有的被警告。至今我們的訴求、我們的請願總是得不到當局的任何回應,反而一再地被打壓,而丹增德勒仁波切仍拖著病體在獄中受罪。”

消息人士表示,家鄉藏人最大的願望是國際人權機構對於丹增德勒仁波切的冤案給予緊急關注,向中國政府施加壓力,讓他早日走出監獄,使他惡化的疾病得到及時治療。

以上是自由亞洲電臺特約記者丹珍的採訪報導。

http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/shaoshuminzu/cjh-05092013145634.html

 

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