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卓瑪嘉 Dolma Kyab
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卓瑪嘉 Dolma Kyab 生平 :

32歲的卓瑪嘉(Dolma Kyab),是2013年3月13日在阿壩州若爾蓋縣達札寺鎮、自焚身亡藏人婦女貢覺旺姆的丈夫,3月14日,卓瑪嘉因拒絕按照官方命令責怪貢覺旺姆因家務問題自焚死亡,而遭到中共當局的拘留。8月中共當局為了加重打擊自焚抗議,判處他死刑。
引述自法院的報導稱,2013年3月11日晚上11點左右,卓瑪嘉因酗酒問題與妻子發生爭吵,失手掐死他的妻子。然後,在第二天一大早焚燒妻子的屍體,造成貢覺旺姆自焚的假象。
卓瑪嘉是家中唯一可以養家糊口的人,有一名8歲的女兒和年邁的老母親。

 

因妻子自焚而遭判死刑的藏人男子

 


『國際西藏郵報2013年8月19日達蘭薩拉報導』為了加重打擊自焚抗議,在四川省阿壩藏族羌族自治州的中共當局,判處因涉嫌殺害妻子的藏人男子死刑。

32歲的卓瑪嘉(Dolma Kyab),是今年3月13日在阿壩州若爾蓋縣達札寺鎮、自焚身亡藏人婦女貢覺旺姆的丈夫;根據中共官媒新華社和環球時報的報導稱。

引述自法院的報導稱,2013年3月11日晚上11點左右,卓瑪嘉因酗酒問題與妻子發生爭吵,失手掐死他的妻子。然後,在第二天一大早焚燒妻子的屍體,造成貢覺旺姆自焚的假象。卓瑪嘉是家中唯一可以養家糊口的人,有一名8歲的女兒和年邁的老母親。

然而,來自流亡藏人的消息指稱, 2013年3月13日,貢覺旺姆在在阿壩州若爾蓋縣達札寺鎮主要街道自焚抗議。一天之後,即3月14日,卓瑪嘉因拒絕按照官方命令責怪貢覺旺姆因家務問題自焚死亡,而遭到中共當局的拘留。

有趣的是,新華社引述卓瑪嘉的律師蘇海軍的談話報導說,貢覺旺姆的父母並不會相信他們的女婿殺死了他們的女兒;因為夫妻倆人「感情融洽」。

近年來,中共政府採取積極的「封口費」方式,讓自焚示威者的家屬保持緘默。去年,2012年8月7日,西藏婦女卓嘎措自焚死亡後,中共當局利用金錢強迫她的丈夫承認是夫妻糾紛造成自焚的問題,但是卓嘎措的丈夫因拒絕中共當局的收買,進而遭到逮捕。

2012年8月7日,卓嘎措在甘肅省甘南藏族自治州合作市合作寺的佛塔前的轉經路旁,雙手合十、引火自焚、傷重死亡。根據西藏故鄉網的報導稱,來自同一地區的另一名自焚抗議者桑傑嘉措自焚亡後,中共當局要求其家屬簽署一份關於「桑傑嘉措因夫妻關係不睦而選擇自焚」的文件,並宣稱如果他們同意簽名,將會獎勵100萬元人民幣,但同樣遭到家屬的拒絕。

卓瑪嘉,成為藏人因與自焚抗議相關、而被阿壩藏族自治州中級人民法院判處死刑的第一例。

2013年1月,同一法院判處,40歲的洛桑貢覺(Lobsang Kunchok),死緩兩年;而他的侄子洛桑次仁(Lobsang Tsering),31歲,則因「蓄意殺人罪」被判處有期徒刑10年。

最新的死刑判決顯示,中共當局針對自焚問題的立場強硬;挑出幾名挑釁的親屬,藉由判刑試圖嚇阻其他自焚者的家屬,以正視聽。今年,也看見了針對涉及自焚事件藏人、數字令人震驚的逮捕和判刑,甚至刑期多達6至10年。2013年2月,青海省中共當局的報告,12名犯罪嫌疑人遭正式起訴、超過70名藏人被拘留。

總部位在達蘭薩拉的西藏民主與人權中心表示,「對於卓瑪嘉因逼供做出謀殺妻子的自白,保持合理的懷疑;中共在多數的刑求逼供案件上,都與政治動機脫不了干係。中國在判決死刑缺乏透明度,除了經常未能遵守國際法律的標準,也未能提出有關判處卓瑪嘉死刑的重要事證。」

該人權組織呼籲中國當局,不要將藏人自焚抗議問題泛政治化,並立即結束對藏人合法表達怨氣的抹黑行動。

「重要的是,我們強烈譴責濫用死刑,因為違反了生命的根本權利,以及免於殘忍、不人道或有辱人格的待遇或處罰的恐懼。長期利用死刑的中國,完全否決了2007年聯合國通過的全球暫停死刑之執行決議,其中規定暫停執行死刑及廢除死刑的觀點。」西藏人權團體在上週六(8月17日)發表聲明表示。

人權團體進一步補充說,「我們尋求《聯合國法外殺人、草率與任意處決特別專案小組(TheUN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions)》,各國政府和國際社會為確保卓瑪嘉的人身的安全和權利,立即採取緊急行動介入干預。」


Man sentenced to death over wife’s self-immolation in Tibet

 

Dolma KyapDharamshala: - In a deepening crackdown on self-immolation protests, Chinese authorities in Ngaba (Ch: Aba) Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, have given death sentence to a Tibetan man for allegedly killing his wife.

Dolma Kyab, 32, was handed death penalty more than five months after the death of his wife, Kunchok Wangmo, 29, in Dzoege (Ch: Rue'rgai) County in Ngaba Prefecture, according to a Xinhua report carried on the state controlled news media- china.org.cn and Global Times.

The report said Dolma Kyab strangled his wife to death at 11 pm on 11 March 2013 following an argument over his drinking problem. He then burned his wife's body early next morning to make it look like she committed self-immolation, the report claimed quoting court authorities. Mr. Kyab is the sole bread earner in his family which consists of his eight-year-old daughter and his aged mother.

However, exile Tibetan sources had reported that Kunchok Wangmo died of self-immolation protest on 13 March 2013 on the main street of Dzoege County town. A day later, on 14 March, Dolma Kyab was detained after he refused to follow official orders to blame the death of his wife on domestic problems.

Interestingly, the Xinhua report quoted Mr Kyab's lawyer Su Haijun as saying that Kunchok Wangmo's parents would not believe that their son-in-law killed their daughter as the husband and wife "were generally on good terms with each other."

In recent years, China has made aggressive overtures, mainly in the form of hush money, to silence family members of self-immolation protesters. Last year, Dhonue, husband of Dolkar Tso, was secretly detained after he refused to accept bribe from the authorities in exchange for blaming the death of his wife on family problems.
Dolkar Tso died of self-immolation protest on 7 August 2012 near Tsoe Gaden Choeling Monastery in Tsoe city in Kanlho (Ch: Gannan) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province. Another self immolation protester Sangay Gyatso's family members from the same region were offered a bribe of one million yuan to sign a document stating that his self-immolation was not targeted against China's rule over Tibet, according to Phayul.com.

Mr Kyab has become the first Tibetan sentenced to death in connection with self-immolation protests. The Intermediate People's Court in Ngaba Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture passed the death sentence.

In January 2013, the same court sentenced Lobsang Kunchok, 40, to death with two years' reprieve while his nephew, Lobsang Tsering, 31, was sentenced to 10 years in prison on "intentional homicide" charges.

The latest death penalty indicates that the authorities have hardened their stance on the issue of self-immolation, by making an example out of a few defiant relatives to scare and intimidate other family members and relatives of self-immolation protesters into toeing the official line. This year saw an alarming rise in the number of Tibetans arrested and sentenced in connection with self-immolation protests, with some getting as many as six to 10 years in prison for alleged connections with self-immolation protests. In February 2013, Chinese authorities in Qinghai Province reported the detention of more than 70 Tibetan suspects out of which 12 were officially charged.

Dharamshala based Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy said it "remains reasonably skeptical over alleged confessions made by Mr Dolma Kyab regarding his involvement in the so-called murder of his wife. Torture is still used extensively to extract confessions in politically-motivated cases. China's lack of transparency in handing death penalty, in addition to its frequent failure to comply with international legal standards raises important questions over the lawfulness of the latest death sentence passed on Dolma Kyab."
The rights group called on the Chinese authorities to refrain from politicising the issue of self-immolation protests and end the reprehensible practice of smear campaign against legitimate expressions of grievances.

"Most importantly, we strongly condemns the use of death penalty as it violates the fundamental right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The persistent use of death penalty demonstrates China's rejection of the United Nations Global Moratorium on the Death Penalty, adopted in 2007, which establishes a suspension on executions with the view to abolish the death penalty, the Tibetan rights group said in a statement issued on Saturday, August 17.

We seek "immediate and urgent intervention by the UN Special Rapporteur on Extra Judicial, Summary or Arbitrary Execution, governments and the international community in ensuring that Mr Dolma Kyab's human rights are respected and protected," the statement further added.


青海數名藏人被判刑 中共判自焚者家屬死刑遭批

2013-08-19 RFA

青海同仁縣再有三名藏人涉自焚事件各遭判兩年徒刑,澤庫縣一名學生也被判四年徒刑。此外,四川阿壩州若爾蓋縣自焚亡者貢覺旺姆的丈夫上周被判死刑,印度的西藏人權組織星期一強烈批評中國當局以莫須有的罪名陷害無辜藏人,要求國際介入關注。

居住在瑞士的流亡藏人索南星期一告訴本台,去年11月在青海同仁縣發生九起自焚抗議事件後,中國當局針對目睹自焚事件的藏人和自焚者家屬及親友等展開拘捕行動,至今已有多名藏人被公開或秘密拘捕和判刑。最新消息說,該縣再有三名青年藏人被當局判刑,另一人被捕。

索南說:“青海黃南州中級人民法院近期對同仁縣隆務寺19歲的僧人宗智曲旦以‘煽動自焚罪’判處兩年徒刑,對同仁縣多哇鄉其日那村20歲的村民拉莫以‘呼喊西藏獨立口號’、‘撕爛中國國旗’等罪名判處兩年徒刑,對多哇鄉東維村17歲的學生以‘呼喊西藏獨立口號’的罪名判處兩年徒刑,該名學生的名字暫未獲知。他們三人現被關押在西寧市的一座監獄中。與此同時,多哇鄉卡什加村18歲的藏人索本被當局指控‘呼喊西藏獨立口號’、‘在自焚事件發生前一天給自焚者的摩托車加油’等罪名遭到拘捕。”

索南表示,被判刑的隆務寺僧人宗智曲旦是去年11月8號自焚身亡的多哇鄉18歲牧民 格桑晉巴的好友,他和同寺僧人貢覺索南於同月16號前往 格桑晉巴家祈福,但途中與其他部分藏人一起遭到拘捕,後在藏民請願下得以獲釋。此後不久,他再度被捕,于近期獲刑。

索南表示,青海省澤庫縣一名學生近期也被當局判處四年徒刑。 “去年年底在澤庫縣發生自焚及示威等反抗當局高壓政策的事件後,多名藏人被拘捕,其中青海交通職業技術學院的學生嘉央次丹於近期被當局判處四年徒刑,指控罪名是‘煽動民族分裂’。嘉央次丹是青海澤庫縣多禾茂鄉人,他現被監禁的地點暫不清楚。”

此外,四川省阿壩州若爾蓋縣達紮寺鎮婦女貢覺旺姆於今年3月13號自焚身亡,他的丈夫在第二天被當局拘捕。消息人士于3月17號向本台表示,當局傳喚貢覺旺姆的丈夫卓瑪嘉去領取骨灰,並要求向外公佈他妻子是因夫妻關係不和才選擇自焚,但被他拒絕,當局立即將他拘捕。

中共官媒《中新社》3月19號報導,四川省阿壩州公安局指出,阿壩州若爾蓋縣的貢覺旺姆(中國官方寫“廣秋俄麼”)的丈夫卓瑪嘉(卓瑪甲)因妻子嫌其好賭酗酒,而發生激烈爭吵時,卓瑪嘉用手掐住妻子的脖子,致其機械性窒息死亡,在第二天則用汽油將屍體焚燒。

《新華網》於8月15號報導,四川阿壩州中級人民法院於8月15號上午開庭宣判,以“故意殺人罪”判處卓瑪嘉死刑,剝奪政治權利終身。

設在印度達蘭薩拉的西藏人權與民主促進中心負責人次仁措姆星期一向本台表示,中國當局對卓瑪嘉的死刑判決既不合法、也不公正,是對這位無辜藏人的栽贓迫害,西藏人權組織方面強烈譴責中國當局的這一做法,並呼籲國際社會介入關注,因為中國當局對藏人的迫害行徑是不容忽視的。

次仁措姆說:“每個自焚者的背後,中國政府都會編造一個莫須有的故事,用各種有罪推理,不僅給自焚者羅織罪名,還給自焚者家屬和親友羅織罪名,企圖去矇騙中國國內民眾和國際社會,而這一切在人們眼裡早已是司空見慣,很難令人相信。中國當局以刑訊逼供讓藏人政治犯招認莫須有的罪名也頻繁發生,特別是卓瑪嘉的辯護律師是中國官方安排的,當然沒有公正可言。”

次仁措姆表示,國際社會正在加強努力廢除死刑,而中國仍是全球判處死刑及處決人數最多的國家,因此西藏人權組織方面再度呼籲聯合國就中共對藏人動用極刑迫害的做法提升關注,並推動中國死刑制度的改革。

近期流亡抵達印度達蘭薩拉的一位四川若爾蓋縣藏人就有關貢覺旺姆自焚方面向本台表示:“當時貢覺旺姆自焚時被轉經的若爾蓋縣藏醫院一位老婦人親眼目睹過,但是若爾蓋縣當局卻拘捕貢覺旺姆的丈夫卓瑪嘉,聲稱是他所害,這種說法完全是無中生有。我們家鄉藏人都知道,這起自焚事件發生後,政府人員來到貢覺旺姆的家,要求其父母承認她是被丈夫殺害,還稱如果照做將會給一大筆錢,但是貢覺旺姆的父母一口拒絕,更沒有拿當局的一分錢。”

以上是自由亞洲電臺特約記者丹珍的採訪報導。

http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/shaoshuminzu/dz-08192013153514.html

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